Ships and marine technology
Regulatory bodies can have an important role in deﬁning standards and requirements which affect safety, security and the environment, both at the organization/company level or at the individual level. The ships and marine sector provides a good example of what can be achieved over a period of time when appropriate links are maintained between the regulatory body and IEC and ISO technical committees.
The main lesson from this example is that the regulatory authority can be provided with continuous representation by the IEC and ISO technical committees and their work when discussing how Standards can help ensure uniform international implementation by industry. This is a good example of active utilization of the IEC and ISO liaison approach with other organizations, which requires long-term commitment, close cooperation and political sensitivity.
Who is involved ?
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
IEC TC 18: Electrical installations of ships and of mobile and fixed offshore units
IEC TC 18 is responsible for the electrical installations and equipment on ships and on mobile and ﬁxed offshore units. Its Standards form a code of practical interpretation of the requirements of the International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea. IEC TC 18 Standards foster interchangeability of parts and ease the selection and procurement of equipment, including cables for transport of energy, signals and data by indicating IEC Standards of ratings, types, dimensions, materials, quality and test methods.
IEC TC 80: Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems
ISO/TC 8: Ships and marine technology
ISO/TC 8 is responsible within ISO for the standardization of design, construction, structural elements, outﬁtting parts, equipment, methods and technology and marine environmental matters which are used in shipbuilding and the operation of ships. These include sea-going ships, vessels for inland navigation, offshore structures, ship-to-shore interface and all other marine structures subject to IMO requirements. ISO/TC 8 is also responding to other standardization needs in the areas of security and piracy, polar navigation, ship recycling, and lifesaving equipment.
How is regulatory cooperation in this ﬁeld achieved?
By ensuring mutual representation at committee meetings and almost constant communication, these bodies have made sure that marine standards reﬂect the needs of the regulatory body and avoid any unwanted duplication of work. Additionally, this sector has developed other practical steps to facilitate the use of standards in regulations.
When work items are considered to be of mutual interest to, IEC TC 18, IEC TC 80, ISO/TC 8 and IMO, these items are either requested by IMO or are initiated by the technical committees themselves. The mutual interest is recorded in the Strategic Policy Statements of IEC TC 18 and IEC TC 80 and the Annex of the Business Plan of ISO/TC 8. IMO has conﬁrmed its interest by submitting a number of requests to IEC and ISO. Many IEC and ISO Standards and speciﬁcations have become pertinent documents in connection with the regulatory work of IMO.
As an international regulatory body with members comprising national governments, IMO has the capability, through these delegations, to prescribe and deﬁne its requirements at all levels. IEC and ISO play a critical role in saving scarce resources in IMO by providing the industry input and by facilitating the implementation of IMO requirements. This allows maximum focus on the performance requirements by IMO and permits reference to the technical work of quasi-governmental organizations such as IEC and ISO. This relationship is thus founded on long-term trust and conﬁdence. It demands awareness of an IMO interest at the earliest stages and a timely response to meet its needs as well as those of industry stakeholders.
This fruitful working relationship, mutual trust and respect is based on years of close understanding. IEC/TC 18, IEC/TC 80 and ISO/TC 8 have proved that Standards can be developed in months, rather than years. This has made IEC and ISO attractive and effective partners for IMO.
Navigation and communications
Rapidly evolving and highly regulated
Measuring energy performance
Dependent on electric and electronic components
Cutting across many different industry sectors
Protection from interference
Electrical equipment and systems for railways
Safety, security and the environment
Power consumption tests